09-4.部署 metrics-server 插件

创建 metrics-server 使用的证书

创建 metrics-server 证书签名请求:

cat > metrics-server-csr.json <<EOF
{
  "CN": "aggregator",
  "hosts": [],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "4Paradigm"
    }
  ]
}
EOF
  • 注意: CN 名称为 aggregator,需要与 kube-apiserver 的 --requestheader-allowed-names 参数配置一致;

生成 metrics-server 证书和私钥:

cfssl gencert -ca=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \
  -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca-key.pem  \
  -config=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca-config.json  \
  -profile=kubernetes metrics-server-csr.json | cfssljson -bare metrics-server

将生成的证书和私钥文件拷贝到 kube-apiserver 节点:

source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
for node_ip in ${NODE_IPS[@]}
  do
    echo ">>> ${node_ip}"
    scp metrics-server*.pem k8s@${node_ip}:/etc/kubernetes/cert/
  done

修改 kubernetes 控制平面组件的配置以支持 metrics-server

kube-apiserver

添加如下配置参数:

--requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem
--requestheader-allowed-names=""
--requestheader-extra-headers-prefix="X-Remote-Extra-"
--requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group
--requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
--proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/metrics-server.pem
--proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/metrics-server-key.pem
--runtime-config=api/all=true
  • --requestheader-XXX--proxy-client-XXX 是 kube-apiserver 的 aggregator layer 相关的配置参数,metrics-server & HPA 需要使用;
  • --requestheader-client-ca-file:用于签名 --proxy-client-cert-file--proxy-client-key-file 指定的证书;在启用了 metric aggregator 时使用;
  • 如果 --requestheader-allowed-names 不为空,则--proxy-client-cert-file 证书的 CN 必须位于 allowed-names 中,默认为 aggregator;

如果 kube-apiserver 机器没有运行 kube-proxy,则还需要添加 --enable-aggregator-routing=true 参数;

关于 --requestheader-XXX 相关参数,参考:

注意:requestheader-client-ca-file 指定的 CA 证书,必须具有 client auth and server auth;

kube-controllr-manager

添加如下配置参数:

--horizontal-pod-autoscaler-use-rest-clients=true

用于配置 HPA 控制器使用 REST 客户端获取 metrics 数据。

整体架构

k8s-hpa.png
图片 - k8s-hpa.png

修改插件配置文件配置文件

metrics-server 插件位于 kubernetes 的 cluster/addons/metrics-server/ 目录下。

修改 metrics-server-deployment 文件:

$ cp metrics-server-deployment.yaml{,.orig}
$ diff metrics-server-deployment.yaml.orig metrics-server-deployment.yaml
51c51
<         image: mirrorgooglecontainers/metrics-server-amd64:v0.2.1
---
>         image: k8s.gcr.io/metrics-server-amd64:v0.2.1
54c54
<         - --source=kubernetes.summary_api:''
---
>         - --source=kubernetes.summary_api:https://kubernetes.default?kubeletHttps=true&kubeletPort=10250
60c60
<         image: siriuszg/addon-resizer:1.8.1
---
>         image: k8s.gcr.io/addon-resizer:1.8.1
  • metrics-server 的参数格式与 heapster 类似。由于 kubelet 只在 10250 监听 https 请求,故添加相关参数;

授予 kube-system:metrics-server ServiceAccount 访问 kubelet API 的权限:

$ cat auth-kubelet.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: metrics-server:system:kubelet-api-admin
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:kubelet-api-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
  • 新建一个 ClusterRoleBindings 定义文件,授予相关权限;

创建 metrics-server

$ pwd
/opt/k8s/kubernetes/cluster/addons/metrics-server
$ ls -l *.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s  398 Jun  5 07:17 auth-delegator.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s  404 Jun 16 18:02 auth-kubelet.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s  419 Jun  5 07:17 auth-reader.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s  393 Jun  5 07:17 metrics-apiservice.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s 2640 Jun 16 17:54 metrics-server-deployment.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s  336 Jun  5 07:17 metrics-server-service.yaml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 k8s k8s  801 Jun  5 07:17 resource-reader.yaml
$ kubectl create -f .

查看运行情况

$ kubectl get pods -n kube-system |grep metrics-server
metrics-server-v0.2.1-7486f5bd67-v95q2   2/2       Running   0          45s

$ kubectl get svc -n kube-system|grep metrics-server
metrics-server         ClusterIP   10.254.115.120   <none>        443/TCP         1m

查看 metrcs-server 输出的 metrics

metrics-server 输出的 APIs:https://github.com/kubernetes/community/blob/master/contributors/design-proposals/instrumentation/resource-metrics-api.md

  1. 通过 kube-apiserver 或 kubectl proxy 访问:

    https://172.27.129.105:6443/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes https://172.27.129.105:6443/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes/ https://172.27.129.105:6443/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/pods https://172.27.129.105:6443/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/namespace//pods/

  2. 直接使用 kubectl 命令访问:

    kubectl get --raw apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes kubectl get --raw apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/pods kubectl get --raw apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes/ kubectl get --raw apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/namespace//pods/

$ kubectl get --raw "/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1" | jq .
{
  "kind": "APIResourceList",
  "apiVersion": "v1",
  "groupVersion": "metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1",
  "resources": [
    {
      "name": "nodes",
      "singularName": "",
      "namespaced": false,
      "kind": "NodeMetrics",
      "verbs": [
        "get",
        "list"
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "pods",
      "singularName": "",
      "namespaced": true,
      "kind": "PodMetrics",
      "verbs": [
        "get",
        "list"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

$ kubectl get --raw "/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes" | jq .
{
  "kind": "NodeMetricsList",
  "apiVersion": "metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1",
  "metadata": {
    "selfLink": "/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes"
  },
  "items": [
    {
      "metadata": {
        "name": "kube-node3",
        "selfLink": "/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes/kube-node3",
        "creationTimestamp": "2018-06-16T10:24:03Z"
      },
      "timestamp": "2018-06-16T10:23:00Z",
      "window": "1m0s",
      "usage": {
        "cpu": "133m",
        "memory": "1115728Ki"
      }
    },
    {
      "metadata": {
        "name": "kube-node1",
        "selfLink": "/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes/kube-node1",
        "creationTimestamp": "2018-06-16T10:24:03Z"
      },
      "timestamp": "2018-06-16T10:23:00Z",
      "window": "1m0s",
      "usage": {
        "cpu": "221m",
        "memory": "6799908Ki"
      }
    },
    {
      "metadata": {
        "name": "kube-node2",
        "selfLink": "/apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes/kube-node2",
        "creationTimestamp": "2018-06-16T10:24:03Z"
      },
      "timestamp": "2018-06-16T10:23:00Z",
      "window": "1m0s",
      "usage": {
        "cpu": "76m",
        "memory": "1130180Ki"
      }
    }
  ]
}
  • /apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/nodes 和 /apis/metrics.k8s.io/v1beta1/pods 返回的 usage 包含 CPU 和 Memory;

参考:

  1. https://kubernetes.feisky.xyz/zh/addons/metrics.html
  2. metrics-server RBAC:https://github.com/kubernetes-incubator/metrics-server/issues/40
  3. metrics-server 参数:https://github.com/kubernetes-incubator/metrics-server/issues/25
  4. https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/debug-application-cluster/core-metrics-pipeline/
zhangjun            最后更新: 2018-10-18 04:04:02

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